Global Right-to-Repair Movement: Regional Dynamics and

Right to Repair

In the evolving narrative of the global right-to-repair movement, diverse regional approaches reflect a shared commitment to sustainability and reducing the environmental impact of consumer electronics and vehicles. Examining the initiatives in the European Union (EU), the United States (USA), Canada, Asia, China, India, and Australia provides insights into unique challenges, legislative nuances, and a collective recognition of the need for responsible consumption.

European Union (EU): A Holistic Strategy for Sustainable Consumption

At the forefront of the right-to-repair movement, the EU, propelled by the ambitious European Green Deal, is pursuing a comprehensive strategy to reshape consumer behaviour. The proposed rules within the EU emphasise sustainable consumption through repair and advocate for a “right to repair” for consumers. The EU’s holistic approach covers the entire life cycle of goods, from production to after-sales repair. Measures include prioritising repair as a remedy, establishing repair information platforms, and creating a European Repair Information Form. These efforts align with broader goals to reduce waste and promote a circular economy.

United States (USA): Varied Approaches in a Diverse Landscape

In the USA, the right-to-repair landscape is multifaceted, reflecting the nation’s diverse regulatory environment. Several states, including Massachusetts and Maine, have been pivotal in the ongoing battle between aftermarket groups and manufacturers, especially in the automotive sector. New York’s Digital Fair Repair Act, enacted in 2022, underscores the country’s commitment to addressing the challenges posed by manufacturers limiting repair options. However, the lack of a uniform national framework means that the right-to-repair experience can vary widely across states.

Canada: Automotive Emphasis and Legislative Advancements

Canada’s right-to-repair discussions have been prominently centred around the automotive industry. In Québec, a proposed bill seeks to protect the automotive right to repair while addressing concerns related to programmed obsolescence. This legislative push positions Québec as a leader domestically and internationally in the fight against planned obsolescence. The bill also emphasises the availability of spare parts and repair services, ensuring consumers have the freedom to choose independent repair options.

Asia’s E-Waste Challenge and Emerging Right-to-Repair Frameworks

Asia, home to burgeoning consumer electronics markets, faces a significant challenge in electronic waste (e-waste). Countries like India are taking steps to implement right-to-repair frameworks to mitigate the environmental impact of e-waste. India’s initiative, part of the Mission Lifestyle for Environment (LiFE), mandates manufacturers to share product details, empowering consumers to repair devices independently or through third parties. The focus is on fostering mindful consumption and transitioning to a circular economy.

China: E-Waste Measures Amidst Legal Framework Gaps

While China has measures for e-waste management, it lacks a comprehensive right-to-repair law widely reported. The absence of a specific legal framework raises questions about the extent to which repair rights are protected and consumers empowered to choose independent repair options.

Australia: Independent Repair Challenges in the Land Down Under

In Australia, right-to-repair initiatives have been marked by challenges faced by independent repair providers. Despite efforts to institute independent repair programs, slow response times from original equipment manufacturers (OEMs) and high costs for repair kits have hindered the success of these programs.

A Global Shift Towards Responsible Consumption

While regional focuses and legislative nuances differ, the collective effort involving manufacturers, economic operators, distributors, and consumers of promoting responsible consumption unites these diverse efforts. Ongoing dialogue and collaboration are vital for a harmonised global framework for right-to-repair regulations. By advocating for repair-friendly designs, making spare parts readily available, and supporting repair initiatives, we can collectively empower consumers to extend the lifespan of their products, reduce electronic waste, and shift toward a circular economy,

The right-to-repair momentum is not just a legal evolution but a paradigm shift toward sustainable and environmentally conscious consumer practices on a global scale.

Manufacturers, economic operators, distributors, and consumers alike must rally together, urging for policies and practices that support repairability. By taking proactive steps, we can ensure that repair becomes an accessible and viable option for all, fostering a culture where products are built to last and repair becomes a celebrated part of sustainability.

We’ll keep monitoring and report back regularly to keep you informed on the latest developments in the global right-to-repair movement and the impact it has on regional dynamics and sustainability goals. Stay tuned for more updates on how this movement is reshaping behaviour, reducing waste, and promoting responsible consumption. Together, we can make a difference in creating a more sustainable future for all.

Further reading:

The European Union’s proposal on common EU rules promoting the repair of goods can be found here: